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Adult Dog Vaccination Recommendations

Name

Symptoms

Treatment & protection

Bordetella 

Transmitted by inhaling aerosolized particles.

May concurrently involve Parainfluenza and Canine Adenovirus 2.

Commonly known as kennel cough. 

Causes respiratory disease including severe coughing. 

Unless pneumonia develops will run its course in 2-4 weeks.

After nature disease immunity lasts only about 3 months, then your pet can contract Kennel Cough again.

Vaccination is recommended for dogs that stay at kennels, hunt, or attend dog shows.

Vaccination is recommended every 6 to 9 months.

Coronavirus
Transmitted by fecal contamination.
Mild but prolonged course of diarrhea. Usually yellow in color. Much more severe bloody diarrhea is possible. Supportive treatment as disease runs its course. 

Triennial vaccination is recommended for all dogs.

Distemper
Transmitted by inhaling air-borne organisms.
Fever, loss of appetite, followed by thick eye and nose discharge. Diarrhea and dehydration follow.

 Neurologic disease can necessitate euthanasia.
No specific treatment available. 

Triennial vaccination is recommended for all dogs.

Hepatitis
(Canine Adenovirus I)
Transmitted in urine and during pregnancy.
Injury to liver results in multiple organ failure and death. No specific treatment available. 

Triennial vaccination with CAV2 is recommended for all dogs.

Leptospirosis
Transmitted by urine contamination of usually wet aquatic environments.
Symptoms vary widely but usually kidney and/or liver failure. Disease can be rapidly fatal. Treatment with antibiotics and fluid therapy. 

Yearly Vaccination is recommended. Previously only hunting & vacationing dogs were thought to be at risk. This vaccine is now recommended for almost all dogs because of the increased frequency of cases seen at our clinic which is believed to be associated with the large raccoon population within the city.

Lyme Disease
Transmitted by deer ticks common in eastern MN & western WI.
Symptoms of fever, lameness, and lack of appetite within 2 weeks. Treatment with antibiotics is successful if recognized early.

Yearly Vaccination for hunting dogs, vacationing dogs and all dogs off-leash at local parks.

Parainfluenza
Transmitted by inhaling aerosolized particles.
Respiratory disease, including coughing. Unless pneumonia develops, will run its course in 2-4 weeks.

Triennial vaccination is recommended for all dogs.

Parvovirus 
Highly contagious. Transmitted by fecal contamination.
Bloody diarrhea. Most will not survive because of dehydration and systemic infection. Treatment includes intensive fluid therapy and antibiotics. 

Triennial vaccination is recommended for all dogs.

Rabies 
Transmitted by a bite wound, usually from a wild animal.
Progressive nerve disease starting with salivation, followed by aggression and death. No treatment available. Vaccination is recommended at 16 weeks, 1 year and then every three years.

Care for Your Senior Pet

Of the 100 million pets in the United States, more than one-third fall into the "senior" category. Since many age-related problems are insidious and irreversible, it is imperative that they be discovered early enough for medical and surgical intervention. 

What is "senior care"? 

Simply stated, it is the implementation of preventative and therapeutic strategies based on the recognition that the needs of older pets are fundamentally different from those of young and adult pets and should be addressed accordingly. Our Senior Care Evaluation gives your pet a comprehensive evaluation at an affordable price.

Proper Weight for Your Pet's Health

westgate2010_dsc04957 Obesity is a major health problem in about 25 percent of the dog and cat population. Research in dogs and humans has shown that obesity increases the risk of many health problems including heart, liver, and arthritic ailments. Fortunately, a return to normal weight reverses these health risks.

 A pet's ideal weight is reached around 12-18 months. Your pet is overweight when its ribs can not be counted as your hands move gently along the chest. A digital scale weighs your pet with complete accuracy on every visit. Weights are charted in your pet's medical record to track changes indicating obesity or illness. No appointment is needed to use the our scale.

Mild obesity problems can be corrected through minor adjustments in your pet's caloric intake. Most frequently this means switching from "free access" to food to "controlled portions" divided more frequently during the day. "Free access" feeding to puppies has been scientifically shown to predispose an adult pet to obesity.

Moderate to severe obesity problems should be managed by a prescription diet program developed by the clinic. The diet program involves the use of a high-fiber, low-fat food which allows the pet to feel reasonably full while restricting calories. Weight reduction is monitored at two week intervals at no charge. Some medical diseases can slow metabolism resulting in obesity. Therefore, blood tests may be recommended before a weight-loss program is started or if a proper response is not achieved.

Proper Pet Identification

According to the Humane Society of the United States, approximately 8 to 12 million pets are taken to shelters every year. 25% to 35% of these pets are adopted by a new owner. 30% to 60% are euthanized or "put to sleep". Only 14% of dogs and 4% of cats in shelters are returned to their original owners.
These statistics are certainly grim, but can be improved by the newest advance in permanent pet identification - the implantable microchip.

Proper Care at Home

  • westgate2010_dsc04930Hard crunchy food is good chewing exercise for your pet's teeth and gums. We do not routinely recommend softened food or canned food. Rawhide dog chews also improve dental hygiene. Rawhide chews should be used in moderate amounts and under supervision. Abrasive chew treats for cats have similar benefits.

  • Exercise is as good for your pet's cardiovascular system as it is for yours. We recommend, however, that dogs avoid running long distances until their bones have reached maturity. This is typically 9 to 12 months of age. Some cats if trained from an early age will walk on a leash but the most important exercise involves interactive, daily play-time with various cat toys.

  • Proper restraint of your pet is important for its safety. Many injuries occur when pets are allowed to roam free. We discourage the use of the chained choke collars unless proper instruction has been obtained. Dogs are controlled better through the use of a Gentle Leader Collar. This collar is similar to a harness used by horses allowing for control without choking the neck. It was developed by a veterinarian and trainer in Minneapolis and has gained national popularity. Always watch your pet for evidence of illness. See Table VIII starting on page detailing the early signs of illness.

  • Anything a pet plays with can be swallowed and result in an intestinal obstruction. Emergency surgery is needed to save these pets. We recommend that discretion be used in choosing play toys and always supervise your pet's activities. Examples of objects removed by emergency surgery include rocks, shoes, phone cords, window blind cords, rubber balls, golf balls, dental floss, sewing needles and thread.

  •  Never leave a pet unattended in a car during the summer. A pet can not sweat to keep cool but instead it relies totally on panting to keep cool. The temperature inside a car can rise quickly on even moderately warm days with the car windows open.

  • Outdoor winter temperatures can also be dangerous. An outdoor pet needs lots of food to burn the calories needed to stay warm. Shelters must be properly insulated. Doors must be baffled to block the cold winter winds. Keep the inside bedding fresh and clean. Extremely cold temperatures can result in frostbite.

  • Water must be available at all times. Thirst is not satisfied by eating snow, and water bowls freeze quickly without an outside heat source.

  •  Traditional brands of antifreeze are made from ethylene glycol, an extremely toxic substance for pets and children. Lured by its sweet taste, each year pets die from drinking antifreeze leaking from radiators and from improper storage. Weakness, seizures, and kidney failure precede death. As little as ½ ounce of a 50:50 mix will cause death in a cat and four ounces can be lethal in a 22 pound dog.

  • Grooming is a healthy way to interact with your pet. Always use care when trimming matted hair. Scissors are a frequent cause of inadvertent cuts to the skin. Carefully examine the skin for any unusual lumps, examine the ears for redness, clean wax and dirt from ears, and examine the mouth for plaque and red gums.

  • Dogs frequently will not object to bathing. The frequency of bathing, grooming, and nail-trims depend upon its lifestyle and length of the coat.

  • Cats meticulously clean themselves and rarely need bathing. Many cats require frequent brushing to avoid matting. When bathing is necessary, try filling the tub with water and then quickly submerge the cat. Follow this with a lather and then submerge again. Alternatively, quietly trickle the water over the cat sitting on a skid resistant surface. Dry shampoos work well for cats without the fuss of water.

  • Nail trims are required for most pets at four to six week intervals. Outdoor dogs that are regularly walked on hard surfaces need less frequent nail trims. Indoor cats routinely have their front paws declawed. The guillotine trimmer is much preferred over the pruning-style trimmer. Trimming of the nails is very precise if the device is held properly. Our staff can assist with instruction of proper technique.

Our Mission:

We provide the quality care our clients expect and their pets deserve, by relying on the expertise and
compassion of each team member.

 
 
 

Contact Us

Westgate Pet Clinic
4345 France Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55410
Directions to Our Clinic
(612)925-1121
(612)925-6297 Fax
(612)568-1405 Pharmacy

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