Adult Cat Vaccination Recommendations

Virus Name

Symptoms

Treatment & Prevention

Feline Leukemia

Transmitted in urine and saliva.

Commonly contracted through a bite wound from an infected cat. 

Many cats are contagious for years before showing signs of illness that result in death.

Suppresses the immune system and can therefore imitate many diseases. 

Commonly will see anemia, weight loss, fever, lethargy. 

Eighty percent of infected cats die within 3 years. A significant number die within 6 months of diagnosis.
No treatment available. 

A simple blood test rules out infection before vaccination. 

Annual vaccination is recommended for all outdoor cats or apartment dwelling cats. 

Since some cats may potentially escape outdoors, this vaccination should be carefully considered.

Panleukopenia

Transmission by feces, urine, and vomit.

Lack of appetite and vomiting followed by fever, dehydration, and painful abdomen.

Diarrhea occurs late in disease. 

Generally a disease of young and very old cats. Young cats can die suddenly.
Treatment with antibiotics and fluid therapy can be successful. 

Triennial vaccination is recommended for all cats.

Rabies 

Transmitted by a bite wound, usually from a wild animal.

Progressive nerve disease starting with salivation, followed by aggression and death. No treatment available.

Annual Vaccination recommended.

Upper Respiratory Viruses

Rhinotracheitis Calcivirus, Pneumonitis.

Transmitted by inhaling aerosolized particles.
Fever, severe sneezing, red mattered eyes. Drooling associated with ulcers in mouth. Some cats develop long term sneezing from chronic unresponsive infection. Intensive home treatment with special foods to maintain appetite.

Antibiotics for secondary infection and special antiviral eye ointments.

Triennial vaccination is recommended for all cats.